This report from ActionAid outlines how one year after the Tsunami, despite the tremendous efforts of local, national and international agencies, the rehabilitation and reconstruction process is fraught with difficulties. The document details how there are considerable human rights violations in Tsunami affected areas, including discrimination in aid distribution, forced relocation, arbitrary arrests and sexual and gender-based violence. One year on, tsunami reconstruction efforts are plagued with serious delays and have not been given the priority they warrant.
The report assesses the status of post-tsunami reconstruction and clearly highlights multiple human rights violations in Indonesia, Thailand, Sri Lanka, India and the Maldives. The authors argue for human rights standards in resettlement and reconstruction and non-discriminatory access to relief and rehabilitation.
the disaster has provided an opportunity for governments to introduce new statutes and/or reinforce old ones that threaten to take away people's right to their land
millions of dollars worth of aid have been poured into restoring livelihoods, but the goal of rebuilding livelihoods based on human dignity and equality is still a long way off
relief and rehabilitation efforts are dominated by male interests and fail to recognise the crucial role of women in leading the recovery process.
The authors' recomendations include:
post-tsunami recovery plans must be informed by a human rights framework
disaster-response policies must be based on a human rights approach including the human rights education and learning with all stakeholders
relief and rehabilitation must be gender-sensitive and recognise women's human rights.