Time is an important economic resource that can be spent in a variety of ways. Diverse demands on a person’s time may reach a point where the individual may be categorized as time poor. Time poverty may vary across gender, occupational groups, industries, regions, and income levels. The present study focuses on the measurement of time poverty and its incidence among various categories using the Time Use Survey (TUS) 2007, the first nationwide time use survey for Pakistan.
The results of this study provide some important insights into the phenomenon of time poverty in Pakistan and lead to some interesting conclusions. In the entire TUS sample, the incidence of time poverty is 14 percent. Women are found to be more time poor than men whether employed or not. There are certain women-specific activities that have to be performed, irrespective of employment status, making them more time poor.
Thus, while accepting a job, women have to deal with a tradeoff between time poverty and monetary poverty. People in certain professions and industries are more time poor as compared to their counterparts in other professions. In the light of these findings, several policy areas emerge that warrant attention.