The document seeks to explore the demise and revival of redistributive politics over the past few decades in Latin America. This being said, the author claims that declining social and economic inequalities that have taken place since the late 1990s coincided with several basic shifts in Latin America’s political landscape. Thereby, the document suggests that these political shifts have helped lower inequality levels and return redistributive policies in the region’s political agenda.
The document is structured as follows. After a brief introduction, the second section provides a thorough explanation on the birth of populism in the region and the redistributive politics during the ISI era, whilst the second chapter sheds light on Latin America’s structural adjustment and the introduction of inequality politics. Chapter four analyzes the region’s recent efforts to “politicize” inequality, whereas section five evaluates the region’s redistributive policies and its influence on inequality. Finally, section six provides some concluding arguments on the subject.
To conclude, the author claims that the results obtained suggest declining levels of inequality registered in most Latin American countries during the past few decades coincided with a basic shift in the political and economic landscape. New market-based political systems led to a structural adjustment during which democratic competition has politicized social inequalities and placed redistributive policies at the forefront of the political agenda.