Based on 16 case studies carried out by CARE International the report argues for the use of rights-based approaches (RBAs) when addressing issues of social injustice and poverty.
The report lists 5 challenges that arise when applying RBAs:
obtaining the initial support: support from government authorities and counterparts is needed to create the operating space, since many of the innovations are non-conventional, involving a number of stakeholders and require a high level of commitment from the duty bearers
assessing, managing, and taking risk: risk analysis must be incorporated into the planning process, since lack of commitment from the individuals involved will have consequences
adjustment period: given the new processes and modes of organisation, it takes time and effort for RBAs to take root
donor constraints: donors usually emphasise quantitative targets rather than long-term gradual changes. RBAs calls for a higher level of coordination among donors
internal changes for CARE staff/offices:
the time and cost requirement for a successful implementation of RBAs is challenging
a common vision and solidarity to take risks, become advocates for change etc. amongst staff is a requisite
new skills in e.g. facilitation, mediation and advocacy in addition to a general understanding of the social sciences (as opposed to purely technical skills) is needed
CARE should financially be supportive of innovative approaches
RBAs seek to address issues around injustice and poverty. The report argues that the marginalised groups need to be included through dialogue and other empowerment processes for the approach to be validated. If the donors are willing to listen to peoples' issues, this creates a responsibility to act. RBAs must include both right holders and duty bearers.