Using the first two waves of Vietnam Living Standards Survey, we investigate how a father's temporary absence affects children left behind in terms of their school attendance, household expenditures on education, and non-housework labor supply in the 1990s. The estimating subsample is children aged 7-18 in households in which both parents usually co-reside and the mother has not been absent.
Our results indicate that paternal temporary absence increases non-housework labor supply by his son. The longer the absence of the father, the larger the impact. One additional month of paternal temporary absence increases a son's non-housework labor supply by approximately one week. However, a daughter's nonhousework labor supply is not affected. We find no evidence that paternal temporary absence influences his children in terms of school attendance or education-related household expenditures.