Despite its low level of economic development, Sri Lanka has achieved a number of noteworthy successes in the area of health security, particularly in reducing mortality and fertility rates and increasing life expectancy. This report is composed of two separate essays, gauging health security challenges, in both Sri Lanka and in Bangladesh.
The first essay examines the most significant health security challenges that will likely emerge in Sri Lanka in the next few decades. Changes in consumption and lifestyle have increased the incidence of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, kidney disease, and cancer. Some of the policy implications cited revolve around how changing demographics might present major health security challenges. The author also called for government assuming a greater role in healthcare and cited the need for enhancing existing health infrastructure.
The second essay discusses health problems that can emerge caused by nontraditional security challenges in Bangladesh. The health scenario has improved evinced by an increase in life expectancy, immunization success, fertility rate reduction, and less under-nutrition among children. Maternal health remains a notable health concern, however. The author concludes with a number of policy implications many of which hold true for both cases, some of which are:
Bangladesh needs effective programs to improve access to healthcare facilities and skilled delivery care
awareness should be raised within communities about health challenges and effective measures for prevention and management of emerging health threats
the population’s vulnerability to emerging health threats can be diminished through renewed public health efforts that involve social movements and collaborations on global health promotion
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