This paper focuses on the determinants and the advantages of good governance. The study argues that effective and efficient governance is integral to any country’s well being. Governance is the exercise of power or authority; political, economic, administrative or otherwise to manage a country's resources and affairs. It comprises the mechanisms, processes and institutions through which citizens and groups articulate their interests, exercise their legal rights, meet their obligations and mediate their differences.
The main strategy of having effective and efficient governance is to relate to the functioning of the public sector focused on accountability and scrutiny. The second part relates to the performance of the public sector on the connection between policy and implementation. It provides a concept that allows the public to discuss the role of government in coping with public issues and the contribution that other players may make. It opens one’s mind to the possibility that groups in society other than government (for example, ‘communities’ or the ‘voluntary sector’) may have to play a stronger role in addressing problems.