During years of independence the number of employed among economically active population in Armenia reduced rapidly. Women have suffered more, than men. The highest reduction in the level of male and female employment was observed in the first years of economic reforms.
The authors find that:
42.4% of employed are women
rate of unemployment in Armenia in 2003 was 10.1%, with 68.8% of unemployment rate among women
in 2002 63% of retrenched and dismissed were females
women are engaged mainly at low-paid and unfavorable jobs
educational level of women is higher as compared to men
the most vulnerable are women with young and disabled children, as well as unmarried mothers
there is a 60% gap in payment of female and male labor
segregation is not only horizontal, but vertical as well
The authors conclude that labor market in Armenia is strictly segregated and opportunities for female employment are significantly limited. According to the authors, in conditions of economy globalization, the task of increasing efficiency of labor resources use becomes of paramount importance. The author claims that high level of gender segmentation of labor market in Armenia is one of the major reasons for its inefficient functioning.