Azerbaijan is a country with complex and contradictory historical development, which have formed a special atmosphere of tolerance and receptivity to foreign religions and cultures. With establishment of Islam on the whole territory of the country this receptivity remained to exist, and norms and bans in relation to women were softer, than in other Moslem countries.
The paper gives a historical review of attitudes towards women in Azerbaijan since the beginning of the 20th century and describes some factors that influenced this attitude.
The author reveals that:
number of women in legislative and executive bodies is very low
women always, as a rule, occupy positions of deputy heads of executive bodies on humanitarian or social issues
women constitute half of members of the parties, although being only one third in their management
there are about 50 women's organizations in the country
share of women in economy reflects a steady growth trend
86% of women do not wish to be engaged in private business
In author’s opinion, currently the social image of women is changing. The present women at political and economic arena have to copy men's behavior. Gender situation in the region is extremely destabilized, women start to play against their will new social roles, quickly filling empty niches. The society watches the transformation of social and cultural models of behavior, which gradually make the woman the main breadwinner.
The author’s conclusion is that female qualities are essential both in politics and economy in a century of information technologies requiring intuition, attentiveness, thoroughness in work.