Southeast Asia is highly vulnerable to natural disasters especially floods; since sixty percent of the natural disasters occur in this region. Thailand is the most country in the region that is exposed to water related disasters such as floods, urban inundation, tropical storms and droughts. As a result, the loss in lives and livelihood is immense, and the economic effect on the country’s development is considerable. The main objective of the study is to describe flood disaster preparedness (FDP) behavior and factors among heads of households in rural Muang District, Trang Province of Thailand.
A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted by interviewing two hundred and eleven heads of households in Muang District, Trang Province of Thailand. The result revealed that the more than one-half of heads of households have good level of FDP behavior with good knowledge, and high to moderate perception. Moreover, male heads of households with agricultural occupation, high income, high education, large families, flood experiences, community activities, tend to have good FDP behavior.
Based on the study findings, the authors recommend that community and local government should play an important role on maintaining and improving the FDP behavior through strengthening community-based disaster preparedness activities. Furthermore, Central government is responsible for raising awareness of FDP and emphasize on strengthening of community-based FDP activities at each community level. In addition, they should provide flood emergency goods and distribute it among villagers, as well as identify risk areas, create flood risk map and set places for shelter.