Peru is not an exception from urban population growth tendencies in the world. In the last decades, the country experienced an important urbanization process, initiated seventy years ago, with a massive migration flow to Lima; creating a new type of urban settlement, or slum, in the process.
As slums grew, demands for housing, titling, and basic services increased. These influxes arise in many cases from the expectation of finding better economic possibilities and improved life conditions in cities. However, various studies show that urban growth has been accompanied by a series of negative externalities, manifested by the social and environmental issues in these cities.
In the case of Peru, urbanization was accompanied by a chain of issues that have turned them into fertile ground for the development of various social problems. Lima’s industrial apparatus, for instance, did not have the capacity to incorporate new urban contingents.
Using a Peruvian data set, this paper analyzes two other negative externalities: physical violence against women and physical violence against children. The hypothesis is that low levels of well-being in an urban environment, increase the probability of the intergenerational transmission of maternal violence against children.