After a long period of a prevailing political system in Nepal that was blamed for country’s socio-economic ills, a pro-democratic movement started to gather much strength in late 1989. Contrary to expectations, much development did not follow democracy: unemployment soared, and along with it, disillusionment and dissent. Certain social ills such as corruption also increased. In short, little of substance in improving the living conditions of the people occurred even after the dawn of democracy.
This paper examines the root causes of Maoist Insurgency in Nepal. There has been a lot of scholarly debates and analysis to find out the root cause of evolution of Maoist insurgency in Nepal. But all of these debates, literatures and analysis are written from various perspectives. This article reviews all these debates, literature and analysis and provides an intensive framework to understand the root cause of evolution of Maoist Insurgency in Nepal.