According to the prediction of the economic theory higher education leads to lower birth rate. However, in case of Hungary there is an U shaped relationship between education of the mother and total fertility. In order to explain this pattern, the authors examine the relationship between education and the transition to first, second and third births in Hungary.
The paper indicates that higher education will positively affect second birth rates only if the partner education is considered. Employing panel data from the Hungarian Generations and Gender Survey, conducted in 2001, 2004 and 2008, the authors imply lognormal survival models.
The major findings are as follows:
mothers with higher education will postpone the time to first conception, while the time to the second conception will decrease
the male partner education affects only time to the second conception, and makes the effect of women’s education insignificant in such case
Therefore, fertility growth in the countries with high skilled workers may be facilitated by increasing access for women with secondary education to partners with high education.