The fallacy of many governments, analysts and policy makers has been the tendency to focus on elections while ignoring other political realities. In 2011, 27 countries in Africa held vital presidential, legislative and local elections. In the year 2012, 25 countries are set for the polls. In some ways it is remarkable that regular and multi-party elections are held; they constitute essential ingredients for good governance, the rule of law, the maintenance and promotion of peace, security, and development. Yet, despite the watershed significance of elections, more than two-thirds of countries in Africa remain fragile. Their democratic dividends and prospects for peace and development continue to elude millions, and subject many more to protracted social violence and authoritarian governance. The point is the missing link between elections, human security and development.