These guidelines on the Logical Framework Approach (LFA) are provided as a reference for AusAID officers and consultants involved in project preparation. The aim is to support informed (and more consistent) application of this useful analytical, presentational and management tool. While the focus of these guidelines is on the 'project', the analytical principles can be applied equally well to the design of programs, and even sector or country program strategies. The paper demonstrates that prior to beginning work on project design and the construction of a Logframe matrix it is important to undertake a structured analysis of the existing situation. LFA incorporates four main analytical elements to help guide this process:
identification of risks
selection of a preferred implementation strategy
The results of the logical framework analysis are presented, and further analysed, through the development of a Logframe matrix. The matrix should provide a summary of the project design and, when detailed down to output level, should generally be no more than five pages long. Once the Logframe matrix is considered sound, the structure can then be used as a framework for preparing implementation, resource and cost schedules. These schedules should be clearly and logically linked to Logframe components and outputs through the use of appropriate reference numbers. Activities leading to outputs can (as appropriate) be specified in more detail and scheduled on a Gannt chart format (implementation schedule). The inputs required for each set of activities and/or outputs can then be specified and also scheduled over time. Finally, the cost of inputs can be determined and a project budget estimate and cash flow calculated.