The paper aims to shed light on the development and evolution of mass transport systems in Argentina. This being said, the authors argue that transport systems have a fundamental role in the economic and social development of Argentina. The paper also suggests that because of its ability to provide mobility to people and goods, transportation has a direct impact on business competitiveness, social cohesion, environment and territorial integration. Consequently, it is crucial to develop a national transport strategy which is consistent with economic growth and equity, objective behind this research.
The document is organized as follows. After a brief introduction, the first section presents a brief analysis of the transport system and its impact on economic and social development. For its part, chapter two discusses the recent history and current status of Argentina’s transport, whilst the third section discusses the evolution and characteristics of investment and subsidies in the transport sector. The fourth section discusses the major policy dilemmas regarding the current situation of the country’s transport system, whereas chapter five examines the main trends of Argentina's economy and its implications from the angle of transport policies. The sixth and final section proposes a national transport strategy consistent with Argentina’s growth and equity trends and offers alternatives focused on resolving the challenges of the transport sector.
To conclude, the authors claim that Argentina needs to develop a national strategic action which allows the country to simultaneously manage different transportation mechanisms. Furthermore, the document suggests that new alternatives to urban mobility should be developed, thus strengthening the transport of goods and people in urban centers through public transport vehicles.