In 2006, Nepal signed a comprehensive peace agreement (CPA) that included an ambitious agenda of social inclusion, rule of law, security sector reform, land reform, employment generation, inclusive growth, good governance, and a restructuring of the state. Development partners in Nepal jointly formulated the Peace and Development Strategy in support of CPA implementation. This paper assesses PBT in the local context, and formulates a number of recommendations.
Starting with background information, the report sheds light on ADB’s engagement in fragile, conflict-affected areas and moves on to how PBT was used in project planning, monitoring and conflict sensitivity. The report then highlights lessons learned from the initiative, discussing the importance of gaining local support for development aid, security and development, and the benefits and challenges of using PBT, in addition to the knowledge and skills required.
Finally, the importance of having local development partners to coordinate peacebuilding efforts is stressed; where Nepal fared well in that regard, offering a favorable environment for development partner coordination. Smaller-scale sectoral or thematic groups, addressing peacebuilding issues and themes, such as the rule of law, also play an important role in sensitizing stakeholders to specific issues. The paper concludes by citing a number of recommendations for future PBT implementation, some of which are:
publishing a users’ guide/toolkit for PBTs would help streamline the process
increased development partner coordination will play a significant role in aid effectiveness
conducting periodical peace audits of ADB programs will help paint a clearer picture of successes and shortcomings