Development on the Move: "Measuring and Optimizing Migration’s Economic and Social Impacts"
Collating information on migratory experiences
Preliminary findings in GDN and ippr’s Global Research Project Development on the Move: "Measuring and Optimising Migration’s Economic and Social Impacts" by the six country team representatives covered a wide range of impacts of migration on development. The Colombia team explored the new correlations between degree of happiness and remittances; Fiji, on the other hand, looked at how the US, New Zealand and the Australian immigration policies are affecting the current trends of migration and the Georgian team revealed that, in the period prior to the invasion, Russia still remained the main destination for Georgian migrants.Ghanaian research showed that over 1 million of Malians and 26,000 Liberians are currently living in Ghana as well as a recent but not less steady trend of Chinese immigration in retail and construction is emerging. With one of the highest emigration rate in Europe, it seems like Macedonia is still striving to keep its nationals within its borders as 38% of the people surveyed answered that if they had a choice they would like to live in another country. Whereas in Vietnam, 40% of returned migrants are happy with the way their country is run. Key findings in the Jamaica pilot study suggest that migration appears to be woven into the pattern of Jamaican living and society. The second working paper from Development on the Move confirms the potential of the project, which is aimed at furthering research and shaping policymaking efforts on the impacts of migration and creating new analytical tools to measure the same.The Jamaica pilot study found that the main reason for migration from the country is financial, with the largest number moving to the United States. Results also show a high level of returned migrants, the result of mainly short term labour contracts in the countries to which they relocated. The survey found that 2 per cent of Jamaican households contain immigrants, 15 per cent have migrants who are currently away and 28 per cent have ‘returned migrants’–Jamaicans who are currently living in Jamaica, but have been a migrant at some time in the past.The six commissioned country studies have collected valuable information on the migratory experience of approximately 11,000 households as well as primary data on the prevalence and impact of migration on communities in developing countries.From August to November 2008, researchers from Vietnam, Ghana, Fiji, Macedonia, Georgia and Colombia, collected survey data from their respective countries. Nearly 11,000 households were interviewed by the six country teams. All the teams were provided with a similar questionnaire which was divided into sections reflecting the four groups of interest: return-migrants, absent migrants, non-migrants and immigrants. The four-year project is aimed at furthering research and shaping policymaking efforts on the impacts of migration on development. The overarching goal of this research project is to better understand the impact of migration on economic, political and social development in developing countries in order to formulate workable solutions and policies for optimizing its benefits and mitigating its adverse effects.For the Jamaica pilot study project More »For more information on the project, please visit: Development on the Move "Measuring and Optimizing Migration’s Economic and Social Impacts"